RESEARCH OF PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXPORT OF TRANSPORT SERVICES IN UKRAINE
The article analyzes the volume and structure of export of transport services. The problems of the development of export of transport services have been revealed. The main problems are the unsatisfactory quality of transport infrastructure, the low level of implementation of modern information technologies in transport and informatization of the process of provision of transport services.
The purpose of the article is to study the volume and structure of export of transport services, identify the main problems that hinder the development of international transport cooperation and substantiate the directions to solve them.
In the conditions of the development of the digital economy, the informatization of society, an increase in the volume of export of transport services depends on the use of modern information technologies in transport.
There are some problems that hinder the development of information technologies in the transport sector of Ukraine, such as lack of sufficient resources for the introduction of the latest information technologies by transport companies; decrease in profitability indicators of economic entities and low income of the population as the main consumers of transport services; lack of effective mechanisms of transport and economic cooperation in the direction of increasing foreign direct investment in modernization and re-equipment of the information structure of domestic transport.
The rapid spread of e-business and e-commerce against the backdrop of delaying the introduction of information and communication technologies in transport can lead to a significant lag of its development and the inability to meet growing demand for transport services. In connection with this, it is necessary to introduce and use electronic logistics, video terminals, Big Data technologies, GPS monitoring, GPS navigation, Smart tachographs, payment service Android Pay, Amazon portal etc.
An increase in the volume of export of transport services requires state support and development of public and private partnership in the direction of implementation of information and communication technologies in transport. This will enable not only to ensure the effective use of transit potential of Ukraine but also become one of the points of economic growth of the state.