METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO ESTIMATING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR DIVISION

  • Nadiya Kryvenko NSC Institute of Agrarian Economy
Keywords: international labor division, specialization, export, world trade, GDP, international region, countries with a small economy.

Abstract

Participation of the country in international division of labor (IDL), largely determines the development of its foreign trade, the degree of integration in the world economy, and - the level of economic development. Scientists have developed a number of indicators that allow to determine a place of the country in IDL, in particular - the level of international specialization of the branch - the coefficient of relative export specialization, which allows to determine the internationally specialized goods and branches of the country. Since there is a rapid development of international economic integration, indicators should be calculated taking into account this process. Scientists share the system of indicators that characterize the participation of an individual country in IDL in two groups: the development of IDL and the place of the international region in the system of foreign economic relations of individual country. It is also calculated: the share of the country in world exports (%), the share in world GDP (%), the coefficient of IDL (%), per capita exports, per capita export growth from each per cent of GDP, which is exported (%), the share of export in the total export value, the share of exports in total production, the growth rate of export specialization in comparison with the growth rate of the entire industry of the country. At the regional level, among the indicators of development of  IDL are: share of mutual trade in the social production of these countries; coefficient of advance of growth of mutual trade in comparison with the growth of total foreign trade; coefficient of advance of the growth of commodity trade in comparison with the growth of social production of the interconnected countries. The volume of production is taking into account too. Factors that determine the force of external relations of national economy of different types are allocated: the level of economic development of the country, the degree of development of the structure of the social product, resources, the internal market. However, depending on their use, the influence of the state, they may have opposite influence. Taking into account the development of  IDL, the increasing involvement of countries in it and the growth of their welfare from this, scientists have developed a number of indicators that characterize the participation of countries in IDL. Particular attention should be paid to the indicators that determine the place of the international region in the system of foreign economic relations of individual countries, integration groups, especially in the context of the development of integration processes, both for conclusions about the success of this process, and further integration.

Author Biography

Nadiya Kryvenko, NSC Institute of Agrarian Economy

PhD in Economics, senior researcher, doctoral student 

Published
2017-10-23