EXPERIENCE OF FREE ECONOMIC ZONES FUNCTIONING IN UKRAINE AND PROSPECTS FOR THEIR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

  • Olena Voronina
Keywords: free economic zones, technoparks, industrial parks, priority development areas, foreign investments

Abstract

Today, the world is on the verge of a fourth industrial revolution and a new technological order, strategies and development paradigms are changing using different tactics and tools in economic development policies and global competition. The domestic economy, unfortunately, on the contrary, in recent years has been in prolonged stagnation, political and economic chaos creates aggravating social tensions in society and thus the country continues to plunge into a general systemic crisis. Emergency measures are needed to create opportunities for economic impetus and further stable and dynamic growth. Turning to the experience of foreign countries, it is difficult to define a standard recipe for resolving the internal problems of each individual state, but the practice of using tools such as creating special economic zones, industrial and technology parks in developed and developing countries shows a positive result and a high degree of efficiency in the use of differentiated zonal policies to overcome the crisis in the economy. In the conditions of the financial crisis, special economic zones can become one of the most effective instruments of the state anti-crisis policy. Therefore, in our opinion, the creation of special economic zones within the framework of regional policy can be a way to overcome the negative trends in the economy, as well as the basis for the innovative development of the regions of Ukraine and the country as a whole.

Published
2019-01-16