EXPERIENCE OF APPLYING PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PROJECTS IN THE SPHERE OF SCIENTIFIC AND INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY
The article considers the main world practice approaches of public-private partnership application. In most countries of the world, the partnership between business and the state is embodied in public-private partnership projects (PPP). At the level of PPP projects, partnerships are seen as the foundation of scientific and innovation activities that stimulates investment in the field of research and development. The dissemination of PPPs for innovation activities enables them to attract significant investment resources to implement promising projects and reduce the burden on the State Budget of Ukraine. The generalization of the world experience of the public-private partnership realization in the field of scientific and innovative activities enables to implement positive practices of using the main forms of PPP in Ukraine to provide innovation development. The experience of the PPP projects realization in the USA and EU countries is analyzed. Analysis of the leading countries' experience shows that in the innovation policy (reflecting the processes of expansion and complication of cooperation forms between the state and business) the forms of public-private partnership vary, but there is a clear tendency of increasing the impact of PPPs on stimulating the innovation activity. It is noted that public-private partnership should be regarded as an instrument of innovation development on the basis of voluntary, equal cooperation between the state and business in the field of research and development. This form of interaction provides a clear distribution of benefits, costs, responsibilities and risks in order to implement projects and programs for production of socially necessary products and services. The key role of supporting PPP projects in the field of innovation by the government and the advantages of establishing a partnership between the state and private business for ensuring innovation development of the national economy are determined.