FEATURES OF FUNCTIONING OF SMALL BUSINESS IN UKRAINE AND ABROAD
Keywords:small business, small and medium business, enterprises, companies, the development of small enterprises
The article investigates the problems and features of small business functioning in Ukraine and abroad. The importance of small enterprises in the economies of developed countries and the impact on their competitiveness in the context of today's coronacrisis has been analyzed. The criteria for dividing all enterprises into small, medium and large in Ukraine and their comparison with foreign practice are indicated. The "Rating of obstacles" for the development of small and medium enterprises in Ukraine is indicated. The authors identified the factors that negatively affect the continuous functioning of small business and hinder its development. The development of the small business sector and the maintenance of a high level of competition is a key step towards ensuring the sustainable development of the national economy. Small business also contributes to the restructuring of the state, increasing production, creating new jobs and introducing innovative technologies in areas where large business would not be so effective.
However, the path to starting a small business is uneven, with many pitfalls and obstacles to jump. Accordingly, the governments of most countries are obliged to support small businesses in any way to protect the economy as a whole.
So, in order for small and medium-sized businesses to develop gradually, they desperately need clear and understandable rules of the game in today's market, as well as favorable conditions for uninterrupted operation. To this end, it is necessary to formulate a clear unified state policy on small business, using international experience.