CURRENT TRENDS, THE ROLE AND PERSPECTIVES OF THE SMALL BUSINESS ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:small business, development of small business enterprises, region
The article analyzes the tools for supporting the development of small business enterprises in wartime conditions. It has been determined that small entrepreneurship (small business) is a type of entrepreneurial activity, based on the adoption of innovative decisions regarding the rational use of available resource potential, characterized by freedom of choice of methods and forms of management and carried out with the aim of maximizing profit. It has been noted that along with the problems that were traditional and understandable, small business enterprises of Ukraine faced new threats caused by military aggression, the intensification of hostilities and the introduction of martial law – the loss and damage of the main property, the need to move it to calmer regions, the destruction of established logistic business connections, loss of traditional sales markets, reduction of financial resources due to hryvnia devaluation and human resources due to mobilization, blocking of bank accounts. The purpose of the research is to determine effective tools capable of ensuring support for the development of small business enterprises in wartime. It has been determined that it is necessary to promote the development of small business at the state level in Ukraine in order to build a high-tech business sector and increase its competitiveness on the global market. The main directions should be the stimulation of innovative activity of small business enterprises, the formation of a favorable innovation and investment climate and regulatory and legal environment. Today, unconventional measures, new legislative acts, special new organizational structures are needed in Ukraine, which should focus attention on the existing problems of the legal use of competition legislation in relation to the development of small business enterprises in wartime conditions. It has been concluded that the main factors contributing to the development of small business enterprises in the considered countries are: financial, credit and investment support; tax support; involvement of small business enterprises in the execution of government orders; support of export activities; personnel support. It has been substantiated that the most common instrument of state support for the development of small business enterprises in almost all countries is the provision of state guarantees for loans to small business enterprises.