THE «HIS ROYAL MERCY» CITY OF LUTSK AT THE END OF 1780-s
Keywords:Lutsk, eldership, Volyn voivodeship, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, lustration, population, crafts, trade, magistrate, urban self-government reform
The article analyzes the main aspects of socio-economic development of the city of Lutsk in the last decade of the 18th century on the basis of lustration of Lutsk eldership. Some aspects of daily life of the Lutsk residents and their relationship with the magistrate have been revealed. Artisan shops working days of the city and their struggle for rights and privileges received from monarchs in the 16th and 17th centuries have been characterized. The specifics of the development of ethnic communities of Lutsk are highlighted. The important facts of commodity-money relations are presented. An attempt to outline the demographic aspects in the history of the city has been made. The struggle of the progressive part of philistinism led by a burmistr P. Dastkevych against the headman governor and his superiors in the context of reforming of urban life in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth has been reflected. A part of a settlement lustration of 1789 has been published enabling better understanding of urban processes, making public the names and surnames/nicknames of Lutsk property owners, and clarifying their topography.