STRATEGIC SET IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGGLOMERATIONS
The article is devoted to the problem of formation of a strategic kit for the management of agglomerations’ sustainable development.
For the implementation of any type of diversification strategy, the specifics of agglomeration should be considered. Therefore, we propose to distinguish three types of agglomerations on the basis of a definite integrated indicator of sustainable agglomeration development,:
- Type I - industrial agglomeration (low level of sustainable agglomeration development), namely - the Northern Donbas, Innovative Donbass and Drohobych agglomeration;
- Type II - transitional agglomeration (average level of sustainable development of agglomeration), namely: Central Luhansk agglomeration, Odesa agglomeration, Central Volyn agglomeration, Mykolayiv-Kherson agglomeration;
- Type III - post-industrial agglomeration (high level of sustainable agglomeration development), e.g. Kyiv agglomeration.
Horizontal diversification enables the output of industrial complexes of agglomeration into new business areas, the search for the latest technologies, characterized by meeting the needs of consumers in products (works, services) produced by enterprises of the industrial complex. The application of this strategy is reasonable for industrial agglomerations in view of the predominance of heavy industry in them and the practically underdevelopment of services.
Vertical diversification is the orientation of the agglomeration’s industry to the production of goods, works, services, which are related to technological processes in the technological and marketing aspects. The effectiveness of such a strategy implementation is evident for transition agglomerations - due to increased synergistic effects of the industrial complexes interaction between cities.
Conglomerate diversification involves the output of industrial complexes of agglomeration into new types of business that are unrelated to existing technologies. This strategy involves the transition from the fifth technological pattern, based on information and communication technologies, to the sixth one. The sixth technological pattern is indicated by the appeal to the field of nanotechnology, biotechnology, and other interdisciplinary fields of science and technology to reduce the cost of production, energy and material consumption of products.
The established strategies for the sustainable development of agglomerations will promote the rational use and reproduction of socio-ecological-economic resources, achievement of socio-ecological-economic security and increasement of the agglomerations development logistics level.