CRITERIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TERRITORIAL COMMUNITY: MODERN SCIENTIFIC-METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES
The article provides a description of the characteristics of the territorial community, analyzes the main approaches of domestic and foreign scientists to its definition in the context of legal, economic and social criteria. The dominant features of the territorial community as a socio-economic category are defined, which allows us to approach systematically the interpretation of this definition.
It was stated that a territorial community is united by diverse systemic factors, in particular, territorial and demographic ties, legal and political motivation, property, economic and financial basis, intellectual and professional unity, linguistic and religious (socio-cultural) authenticity, certain dimensional localization does not exclude the right of every individual to individuality but consolidates the efforts of many to achieve the desired result for all. This means that everyone can keep his identity while lobbying for common interests. Accordingly to all stated above, these features completely describe the territorial community in legal and sociological theoretical aspects. At the same time, the economic component of definition (in terms of theoretical basis of the systematic approach methodology) is not given aт appropriate attention, which causes the ambiguity and requires a closer look. Proceeding from the above, in order to study the economic essence of the territorial community as a subject of local self-government, it is expedient to systematize those features which, first of all, ensure the full-fledged subjectivity of the territorial community in the system of local self-government.