TAX POLICY OF UKRAINE IN CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC INSTABILITY: ANALYTICAL REVIEW

  • Yana Solomka
  • Natalia Tydir
Keywords: taxes, politics, budget, tax incentives, efficiency

Abstract

The article examines the main results of the tax policy of Ukraine in 2017-2019. The methodological basis of the study are the fundamental postulates of the liberal theory of effective tax policy, formulated by the famous economists A. Smith, A. Wagner and A. Laffer. The article uses general scientific research methods, in particular, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, the unity of the historical and the logical, statistical methods, generalization. The purpose of the article is to find out the state of modern tax policy in Ukraine and further prospects for its development.
The tax revenues to the state budgets of different levels are analyzed; their economic importance for the country’s economy is substantiated. It was found that tax revenues make up the largest share (80%) of all state budget revenues and all local budget revenues (61%). The calculation of the coefficient of elasticity of tax revenues in relation to the selected indicators showed that a strong impact on the total amount of tax revenues to the consolidated budget of Ukraine has a change in household incomes and sales of industrial products.The coefficient of efficiency of using tax benefits in Ukraine has been determined. It has been proven that tax incentives are used most effectively in financial and insurance activities, construction, industry, and ineffectively in education and health care. This indicates the advisability of reducing the number and size of tax incentives in these areas.The directions of improving the tax policy of Ukraine are proposed. Among the most important are: socialization of taxes, tax incentives for innovative development and investment climate; introduction of differentiated rates of personal income tax; implementation of the principle of social justice of taxation; the introduction of differentiated rates of the environmental tax depending on the discharge of pollutants in a specific region of the country; an increase in trade quotas for the export of goods to EU countries etc. The research results can be used by the state tax authorities of Ukraine. The novelty of the study lies in the analysis of the effectiveness of the tax policy of Ukraine from the standpoint of its impact on socio-economic development in 2017-2019 based on the author’s research methodology.

Published
2020-11-23