FINANCIAL REHABILITATION OF THE ENTERPRISE: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS
Keywords:enterprise, financial rehabilitation, forms, methods, implementation algorithm
An article is devoted to theoretical and practical aspects of financial rehabilitation of enterprises. Different approaches of economists to the essence and meaning of the concept of “financial rehabilitation of the enterprise” are analyzed. In the form of a graphic interpretation, the main tasks included in the financial rehabilitation of the enterprise, as well as the algorithm of methods for its implementation, are presented. A number of problems that may arise in the process of financial rehabilitation of enterprises are identified and substantiated. Among them, the most important is the cost of this process, as well as the lack of effective methods and specialists for diagnosing the financial state of the enterprise. Considering the importance of diagnosing the state of the enterprise development in the process of financial rehabilitation, it is recommended to use the economic and mathematical model of O. A. Vinnytska. The model has been tested on “InterTrade” LLC, which is engaged in wholesale and retail trade of auto parts. According to the results of economic and mathematical modeling, a tendency of the general financial condition deterioration of “InterTrade” LLC is revealed, as well as the presence of a “profitability” crisis at the enterprise. Among the advantages inherent in the proposed economic and mathematical model, it is worth highlighting the following: ease of use; availability of data necessary for calculations; compliance with the conditions of domestic enterprises management; the ability not only to assess, but also to determine a specific type of financial condition (crisis, satisfactory, stable, excellent, courageous). The general algorithm for choosing the method of financial rehabilitation of the enterprise has been improved, which consists of three interrelated stages (identification and elimination of external factors of bankruptcy of the enterprise; development and implementation of measures for financial rehabilitation of local enterprises; stabilization of the financial condition of the enterprise). For each separate stage, a goal and specific implementation measures are defined. Practical application of the algorithm will allow to solve the existing problems of enterprises quickly and qualitatively and, thus, to avoid the procedure of bankruptcy or liquidation in the future.