SEMIOTIC APPROACH TO STYLISTIC FIGURES OF SPEECH AND TROPES IN V. SHKLYAR'S NOVEL «KROL KAZHANA»
The article is devoted to the problem of determining the sign status of stylistic figures and tropes, which functions in different discourses. The several tasks have been accomplished to achieve this goal. Firstly, the author of the article proved that stylistic figures and tropes are semiotic units. This conclusion was drawn on the basis of the fact that all components of the text form a single semiotic system, that is, each component is semiotic. Secondly, the author suggested that stylistic figures and tropes can perform certain functions of signs from the classification of Ch. Pierce, who is one of the founders of semiotics as a science. The ratio should be based on the similarity of the functions of figures and signs. Thirdly, the author correlated the signs-copies with metaphors, comparisons, allegories, paranomases, and antibodies on the basis of their pictorial nature. Allusions and puns have been correlated with signs-indexes on the basis of their indicative nature. Dialecticisms, phraseological units and proper symbols have been correlated with symbolic symbols, because they had conventional nature. Each semiotic group contains examples of the text fragments from the novel of the Ukrainian writer V. Shklyar «Blood of the Bat». It is established that the stylistic figures and tropes of iconic type are in the first place in terms of quantitative dynamics.