APPLICATION OF LANGUAGE AND SPEECH TASKS IN ELEMENTARY LEARNING OF UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE (ON THE MATERIAL OF LOCAL LORE CHARACTER)
The article is devoted to the problem of language knowledge formation and speech skills of elementary classroom on Ukrainian language lessons. In the exercises proposed for this, the language assignments used as a means of forming and improving the structure of opinion of the elementary classroomand speech tasks which provide communication of the language and speech, speech and thinking are highlighted, constant training of students in statement thoughts. The authors adapted the local history material for the better perception of elementary classroomand used the texts of the regional character as a means of personal interest of the material being studied. The article proved expediency of active involvement of pupils to cognitive and speech activity as an important precondition for consolidation of their active life position, comprehension of the ideals good, beauty and love to the native land. In addition to the theoretical substantiation of the need to form elementary school linguistic and speech competence, the authors of the article cover the ways of developed complex tasks to exercises and results of conducted research.
The authors suggest that quality of education process is greatly improved by fostering special creative environment. Conditions of creative environment are: 1) combined technology of content learning with integrated lesson materials to highlight cross-curriculum connections to achieve comprehensive results in elementary education; 2) deliberate assignment selection to develop basic academic competencies, critical thinking, individual interests and abilities to process and summarize information, and to spark and to maintain student interest in learning; 3) use of local history materials to study Ukrainian language to form intrinsic motivation, initiative and self-reliance in the education process; 4) innovative methods and techniques to encourage practical experiential learning rooted in local history. The authors argue that creative environment plays a significant role in activating of student creative potential.
Research results may be used as input for further studies on the topic. The authors encourage future research in application of advanced methodologies and techniques for development of verbal and communication competencies while mastering Ukrainian language in elementary classroom. Aids and materials developed in this study may be used by elementary educators for developing integrated classroom curriculum and planning educational events for development of verbal, communication and local history competencies.