RATING POSITIONS AS AN INFLUENCE FACTOR ON COMPETITIVENESS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN THE CONDITIONS OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS
Keywords:competitiveness; human capital; national economy, higher education, rating, development strategy, international economic relations
The positions of higher education institutions (HEI) of Ukraine in the world and national ratings are considered. The complex criteria, indicators and their respective weighting factors for the integrated rating point are investigated. The imperfections of the principles of formation of existing world and national ratings are revealed. Reasons for low positions of Ukrainian HEI in world rankings are detected.
The components of complex criteria are analyzed, among which the main focus is on a group of economic indicators. It is proved that key indices are directly related to the level of the country’s economy as a whole, the volume of private and state orders for scientific and technical developments, and the level of integration of scientific and pedagogical workers in world scientific processes.
On the basis of the analysis of indices and complex criteria of domestic ratings TOP 200 Ukraine and the Consolidated Rating, a conclusion has been drawn that there is a discrepancy between the HEI positions in domestic ratings and their competitiveness. The authors make an assumption that the intellectual and material costs involved in various rating activities are feasible and economically justified only if there is a match between the rating position and the level of quotation of the HEI among the entrants.
The principle of subordination the strategy for the HEI development as a key objective, which must be significantly different from achieving the highest possible position in existing ratings, is formulated. The selection of an increase in the number of high-level entrants who are ready to receive education in a certain institution of education for the funds of individuals or legal entities is proposed as a priority objective. The choice in favor of a particular institution of education of the most talented and best trained youth should be the main strategic goal of the educational institution.
In order to influence the rating positions of the HEI competitiveness in the formation of integrated rating criteria, it is proposed to include the number of indices: the index of the level of comfort of the educational process, namely: the level of provision with hostels, libraries and high-quality auditor, the index of quality of distance information support of the educational process, the index of quality of communication processes «teacher- student», the index of the assessment of employers and graduates of the level of training specialists. It is proposed to apply the theory of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic in the basis of the methodology taking into account these qualitative indicators.