MILITARY, CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES WITH THE UPR ARMY INTERNED SOLDIERS IN UKRAINIAN FOREIGN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF POST-WAR PERIOD
Keywords:Ukrainian foreign historiography, historiography process, Ukrainian military emigration, internee Army of UNR, military-professional and cultural and educational work
The article analyzes the historiographical achievements of Ukrainian foreign historians of the postwar period on the activities of government agencies of the UPR to raise the professional and cultural-educational level of Ukrainian interned soldiers. It is shown that the party confrontation, which continued within the Ukrainian political emigration and in the postwar period, complicated the coverage of the significant efforts of the State Center of the UPR led by S. Petliura to preserve the interned Army of the UPR, its comprehensive preparation for further struggle for state independence. However, historians of the postwar period have prepared a number of works in which these activities, including and its aspects, such as military-professional and cultural-educational work, were covered much more deeply and comprehensively than in the interwar period.
It is noted that not all works covered the research problem to the same extent. In some of them, mostly in the memoirs of former participants of those events, as a rule, only certain aspects of it were briefly considered, and generalized conclusions were drawn. These are the publications of V. Sikevych, M. Staroviit, M. Levitsky, Y. Artyushenko, L. Kozar, and others. authors. This also applies to some works of a monographic nature devoted to the events of the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917 – 1921 (I. Nagaevsky, L. Shankovsky, O. Udovychenko). The materials published in them on the problem are fragmentary, in fact, only outlining the directions of its further study. At the same time, the authors of some monographs (P. Fedenko), memoirs (P. Bilon, O. Semmo) departed from a simple and concise statement of well-known facts on the researched problem, presented a wide range of military-professional and cultural-educational work in camps for interned Ukrainian soldiers.
It is emphasized that the lack of access to materials stored in Soviet archives, the use of former Taborites as sources of memories led to the appearance in the works of Ukrainian foreign historians of the postwar period of certain factual errors, inaccuracies, subjective assessments, which to some extent reduced their level.