ENSEMBLE IN THE BANDURA ART IN THE CENTER OF THE UKRAINIAN DIASPORA: CULTURAL-HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:bandura, bandura ensemble, diaspora, repertoire, bandura groups
The article analyzes the ensemble work of the diaspora bandura players. It is noted that ensemble music has its origins in the so called “kobzarism” in Ukraine. The development of bandura art in the diaspora of the twentieth century occurred differently. This is due to the chronological, spatial, geographical and cultural factors of the countries of the world where the bandura cells were located.
The history of the appearance of Ukrainian bandura players on the territories of other continents is covered, and the emigration waves that became the impetus for the development of bandura art abroad are mentioned. The leading bandura ensembles of the diaspora were analyzed – the Taras Shevchenko Bandura Band (Detroit), the Canadian Bandura Band, the Gnat Khotkevych Bandura Ensemble (Toronto), and the Maiden Bandura Band.
P. Orlyk (Detroit), ensemble “Haidamaki”, children’s choir “Golden Strings” and their cooperation with various groups both in the diaspora and in Ukraine. The article also describes the repertoire, tools and their modifications in connection with certain historical events.
It is noted that the Ukrainian theme became the basis for the repertoire of the diaspora bandura players – Ukrainian folk songs, patriotic, Cossack, Duma, spiritual works, carols, works of Ukrainian composers, instrumental melodies and others. The names of famous bandura masters abroad are mentioned. Ensemble performance of non-mainland Ukraine is associated with the names of many artists, including Vasyl Yemets, Mykhailo Teliga, Hryhoriy Kytasty, Hryhoriy Nazarenko, Stepan Hanushevsky, Volodymyr Lutsyv, Viktor Mishalov, Olga Gerasimenko-Oliynyk and Yuriy Oliynyk.
The article mentions the close cooperation of bandura ensembles and representatives of choral and vocal art. The concert life of famous bandura groups of the diaspora and their artistic achievements are described. It is also noted that the ensemble art of the diaspora is currently actively studied by scholars of the diaspora and Ukraine.