• Volodymyr Trofymovych
  • Nazar Martyniuk
Keywords: the UNR government in exile, diplomatic mission, diplomatic mission, Ambassador, emigration government, de facto, Ukrainian issue, official recognition


The article describes the position and activity of the diplomatic service of the Exile Government of the Ukrainian National Republic in the countries of Europe and North America in 1924–1940. The scientific problem raised attracted the attention of representatives of the Ukrainian emigration and a number of modern Ukrainian researchers. However, the topic presented has not been adequately reflected in the national Historical science. The diplomatic service was an integral part of the foreign policy activity of the UNR emigration government and represented its interests among the world community.
These are the reasons for the elimination of the Tarniv branch of the UNR. The role of S. Petliura in the intensification of diplomatic activity is illustrated. It is revealed that Warsaw and Paris were centers of implementation and coordination of the then foreign policy of the UNR. The attitude of foreign states to the Ukrainian issue is shown. The main milestones of foreign policy activity, work of diplomatic missions and ambassadors of the emigration government are analyzed. It is pointed out that the diplomatic activity was of a purely public nature, since after the signing of the Treaty of Riga in 1921, the UNR emigration government had no official representative offices in foreign countries. It was thanks to a cohort of UNR representatives who lived in different countries of the world that they were able to support work in the international arena (M. Eremiev,
E. Onatsky, R. Smal-Stotskyi, O. Shulhyn, etc.).
It is emphasized that active foreign policy activity was carried out not only in Western European countries but also in the region of Central and Eastern Europe. Foreign and social activity in the United States and Canada is covered.
The authors conclude that the Warsaw-Paris period of UNR activity in exile is a testament to the continuity of the Ukrainian foreign policy service in the international arena, which has lost its official status due to the complex international situation and Bolshevik influences. The foreign policy of the exile government was closely intertwined with the socio-political, cultural and scientific vectors of the UNR government.