STRUCTURE OF SECONDARY PREDICTION IN PHILOLOGICAL SCIENCE
The article deals with the problem of predicate as a mandatory sign of the sentence, which correlates the content of the sentence withthe reality. It is noted that predicate is: a) a category that contains signs of time, modality and personalization; b) a category that is essentially
quasi-communicative, that is the only one that manifests itself in the attitudes of the opposition to themes and rams; c) a category that contains signs of time and modality.
The author considers predicative as a syntactic modality, the leading in which is the semantics of the relation of denotate to the reality which is surround us; a special quasi-communicative peculiarity of a sentence that implements its qualitative certainty and, accordingly, is not inherent in another, more truncated structure or units of language. It is noted that in the scientifi c literature there are two main concepts – Complex Object and Objective Predicative. In the case of dealing with the Complex Object, the nominal part with the predicate element can form one integer, which will necessarily be object-oriented to the verb and, in its meaning, be equated to a subordinate sentence, although not in all cases it may be replaced by it.
Differential signs of object-predicative structure are presented. It is noted that it is customary to consider the Complex Object as a threecomponent construct with the so-called “object-predictive” member. The differences in the use of two concepts in the sentences – Complex Object and Objective Predicative – are analyzed. It is also noted that the Complex Object is considered as a complex sentence term, or a nexus or “complex application” (Nexus Object or Complex Object) with a verb. The article presents examples of secondary prediction from the novel “The Odessa fi le” by Frederick Forsyth.