METAFORIZATION OF UNDERSTANDING IN THE UKRAINIAN AND ENGLISH LANGUAGES
In the article, the metaphorization of understanding is observed from the standpoint of the propositional model of metaphor, the ways of new meaning formation are described. A look at the mental metaphors as a receptacle of the basic concepts of traditional folk psychology, the mental world of native speakers involved in the processes of conceptualization, in the creation of the national picture of the world, gave an opportunity to see reality at a different angle. Having examined the peculiarities of the metaphorical representation of understanding in the Ukrainian and English languages in a comparative aspect, the common and distinctive features of the national character of these languages native speakers are outlined.
The semantics of metaphors denoting mental activity of understanding in the structure of utterances in the Ukrainian and English languages is analyzed.
The main features of mental models of understanding leading concept into paradigmatic and syntagmatic connections of Ukrainian and English vocabulary are examined in the article. Both logical and functional analysis of the correlation specifi city in mental models with predicates of this type are based on their predicative nature in the light of semantic theory.