HUMAN’S FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS IN ENGLISH PHRASEOLOGY
The work studies the issue of verbalization of eight primary bipolar human emotions in the context of English phraseology. First, it analyzes the main approaches to defining the meaning and features of the “emotion” and “feeling” concepts. Mainly, these concepts are defined as the following: In psychology, “emotion” is often defined as a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior. “Feeling”, in psychology, is the perception of events within the body, closely related to emotion. Their close connection is obvious. Second, it describes the main approaches to the classification of emotions (P.Ekman, R.Pluchchik, V.G.Parrot, etc.). P.Eckman suggested six basic emotions: fear, disgust, anger, surprise, happiness, and sadness; and later expanded this list with other basic emotions: embarrassment, excitement, contempt, shame, pride, satisfaction, and amusement. R.Plutchik introduced the “wheel of emotions” and proposed eight primary emotional dimensions: happiness vs. sadness, anger vs. fear, trust vs. disgust, and surprise vs. anticipation. Third, it classifies the selected English idioms in the context of Robert Plutchik’s theory. Phraseological phrases that describe or name emotions are abundant in English language and characterize all basic emotions without the predominance of one or two.