THE DIFFICULTIES OF THE TRANSLATION OF ENGLISH CONSTRUCTION TERMS INTO THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE
The article deals with the difficulties of translation of the English construction terms into Ukrainian. Those difficulties come from discrepancy of Eurocodes with the respective terms in the Ukrainian construction regulatory documents. The author performs translation analysis of English and Ukrainian construction terms in the Eurocodes dictionary; highlights the difficulties of their translation into Ukrainian in the field of lingual phenomena (synonymy) and extralinguistic (transition to European design rules). At the same time, the article compares the translation of some terms in two editions of the Eurocodes dictionary, as well as it gives a comparative analysis of the Eurocode dictionary and the bilingual technical dictionary.
When translating Eurocode terms, there are difficulties with the conceptual content of a large number of words due to differences in worldviews existing in different countries.
The need to unify the Ukrainian translation of many English construction terms arises from the fact that some English-Ukrainian technical dictionaries translate a term differently, and translators may offer different variants of correspondences for certain terms. In comparison with the English-Ukrainian technical dictionary the Eurocode terminology dictionary is more standardized, it focuses not on the transcription of the term but on the translation by Ukrainian correspondent in order to avoid unnecessary neologisms.