CLASSIFICATIONAL PARADIGM OF A TEXT CORPUS BY ITS DESIGN, STRUCTURE AND USE, AS WELL AS BY THE FIXATION AND INDEXATION METHODS OF ITS TEXT DATA
The article attempts to analyze the typological characteristics of text corpora. The author proposes to classify corpora with consideration of different aspects of this modern linguistic notion, namely the design and structural features of the corpus (balanced / representative corpus, opportunistic corpus, complete corpus, full-text corpus, fragmentary corpus, parallel corpus and comparable corpus, static / sample corpus, dynamic / monitor corpus), the method of fixing and indexing text data in the corpus (printed corpus, electronic text corpus, transcribed speech corpus, audio/video corpus, multimodal corpus, plain corpus, annotated corpus), as well as the way of how the corpus can be used. According to the aim of the corpus use one can distinguish between a linguistic and illustrative corpus. Due to the access possibilities, there can be identified an open-access corpus, closed-access corpus and the commercial one. Examples of these types of text corpora are also presented. The article presents terminological equivalents of corpus names by the type of text data in Ukrainian and English.