LEXICAL-SEMANTIC FEATURES OF THE ENGLISH TERMINOLOGY OF OIL AND GAS SPHERE
The lexical-semantic features of the English terms of oil and gas sphere are considered. Attention is drawn to the phraseological and metaphorical features that are characteristic of the terms of the oil and gas industry. It has been revealed that English oil and gas terminology is built on a heterogeneous model, that is, the result of the interaction of several areas of human knowledge. It includes geological, geophysical, geochemical terms, as well as terms related to drilling, washing, fastening and cementing of oil and gas wells, development of oil and gas fields, underground hydraulics, oil and gas production, processing methods, pipeline terminology, offshore drilling terminology, economic terminology. It is has been found out that the semantic categories of English oil and gas terminology are evidence that the terminology under study reflects a particular sphere of human activity that can be structured in some way by the means of language. In this process, the human factor is important. On the one hand, it is inherent in each of the categories, and serves as a basis for subjectivity in identifying the peculiarities of the content.The semantic categories of English oil and gas terminology are analyzed. These include: Human, Process, Equipment, Substance, Method, and Characteristics. The study showed that among the English oil and gas terms formed by metaphorization, we can distinguish terms conventionally grouped under the following lexical-semantic groups: “Parts of the human body”, “World of animals and birds”, “Clothes”, “Society”, “Cooking”, “Construction”, “Nature”, “Traveling”, “Weapon”, “Tool”, “Geometric figure”, “Hunting”, “Fishing”, “Medicine”, “Furniture” та “Quality”.