TO PROBLEM OF CREATION OF METHODICAL SYSTEM FORMING LEXICAL COMPETENCE OF PUPILS
The methodical system are created by us to represent the technology of teaching the algorithms of production of speech based on study of nominative and communicative units of language in unity of their form, values and functions. The effective speech development and lexical development of younger schoolchildren were found.
The novelty of the developed methodical system is confirmed not only the practical results of teaching experiment, that in itself is a weighty argument, is confirms and conducted by us theoretical analysis of results of teaching for the purpose accordance of the methodical system to the concept of pedagogical innovation.
The system of linguistics concepts were laid on the base of learning content on the competency-oriented classes – a system of theoretical knowledge about language, its forms, types and properties. Introduction of practical, cognitive and speaking tasks to the content – is the another feature of competence-oriented speaking lesson. These exercises consist cognitive questions which reveal the subject of a lesson. Solving of the practical problems according to the speaking situation promotes cognitive needs of pupils, creates their positive motivation for verbal skills, provides a conscious learning. The lack of rules in the traditional sense, system replacement of questions and tasks, algorithms and tokens allows child to do the independent conclusions and generalizations. The majority of searching and creative exercises help to enhance mental and speaking activity of pupils.
Nowadays, the most actual problem of children’s language research is to identify the individual strategies about the speech behavior and «the entrance in the language.» It means that the main object of the research – is not the general laws which have been already set by linguistics and psycholinguistics, but the variability of their manifestations in children of different sexes, pupils(developing) who are enrolled in different systems and in children with different cognitive and psychological characteristics.