THE PARAMETERS OF «PARTS OF SPEECH» TRANSITION FROM A VERB TO A NOUN IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
«Parts of speech» constitute an unified system of lexical-grammatical classes of words. Despite it, the language has words, that under certain conditions, can move from one part of speech to another. There are many such transitional processes in the modern English language. The researches present several terms to name the presented phenomenon, among which: «transposition», «conversion», «transformation», «transition», «transitivity», «derivation», «substitution», etc. The authors of the article analyze the transition of the verb into the category of a noun, define the main approaches to the interpretation of the verbal noun transition, and present the structural, grammatical, semantic and valency parameters of verbal syntactic and morphological means of transposition. The specifics of the verb-to-noun transition is highlighted, and the degrees of this transition are presented. It is noted that an important factor of transitions between English parts of speech is the analytical structure of the language. Thus, one word is used in different positions of «parts of speech», and therefore has different syntactic functions. Due to this phenomenon, the characteristic feature of the English language is morphological freedom. The transition between the verb and the noun is widely represented in the English language. According to analyzed scientific researches, the authors point that most linguists admit that the brightest example of the results of transitions between parts of speech in the English language is words with a simple morphological structure. The article presents 3 degrees of transition of the verb into a noun: syntactic, morphological, semantic. It is concluded that transpositions (conversions) between parts of speech make the lexical level of the English language fluent, rich and morphologically free.