ON THE FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION ABILITY IN THE POLICULTURAL SPACE OF STUDENTS TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Professionally oriented learning is based on the needs of students in learning a foreign language. These needs are dictated by the characteristics of a future profession or specialty. The term “vocational-oriented learning” is used to refer to the process of teaching a foreign language in a non-linguistic university, focused on reading literature in the specialty, studying professional vocabulary and terminology, and more recently on communication in the sphere of professional activity. A professionally oriented approach to the teaching of a foreign language in technical universities now acquires particular relevance. This approach provides for the formation of students’ ability to speak foreign languages in certain professional, business, scientific fields and situations while taking into account the peculiarities of professional thinking. The article suggests possible ways to solve these problems. They are the interaction of various structural divisions of a technical higher educational institution; the development of relevant teaching materials and manuals; the use of bilingual education; the intensification of such forms of educational activity as technical translation; annotating and referencing of foreign language text of professional content engineering, preparing presentations on professionally important topics or summarizing the results of research in foreign language articles or reports for graduate students.